A Letter No Submariner’s Father Ever Wants – Lieut. Tsutoma Sakuma and Japanese Submarine No. 6

Submarines have always been dangerous. The early submarines were even more so because of the emerging technologies that had not yet evolved. The men who rode the early boats were a different breed. This story is about one of them who was a national hero in Japan and left a legacy that would have implications […]

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Attack at Pearl Harbor by Japanese Planes on December 7, 1941 – Battleships, Battle Force After Action Report

  A16-3/(0923) UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET   BATTLESHIPS, BATTLE FORCE   U.S.S. MARYLAND, Flagship   December 19, 1941   From: Commander Battleships, Battle Force. To: Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Subject: Attack at pearl Harbor by Japanese Planes on December 7, 1941.   Reference: (a) CO West Virginia ltr BB48/A16-3 of Dec. 11, 1941., with Combat […]

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Diamond Anniversary – The First Battle of Savo Island (Part 4 – The XRAY Transports and the Destroyers)

Part 4 “XRAY” TRANSPORTS  The enemy had ceased fire on the Vincennes group about 0215, and headed out to sea, briefly engaging the Ralph Talbot about 0320-23. Within half an hour both the Quincy and the Vincennes had gone down. The Canberra remained afloat until morning, when she was sunk by our own destroyers, and […]

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Memorandum Number 68: FUTURE SUBMARINE WARFARE – 1923 (How America almost lost World War II before it even started)

In the final days of the Great War, Naval planners had seen first hand the devastation and destruction caused by the modern machines of war. The submarine was an example of one of the most destructive. As plans were being made for the peace, decisions about the methods for maintaining that peace would have to […]

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