The Blue and the Gold
As I sit here writing the 41 for Freedom story for tonight, it is Easter Weekend. 45 years ago, the USS George Washington Gold Crew had taken over the boat from the Blue crew in Guam and I was enjoying my first taste of freedom in months. That first patrol was one for the books and really tested my spirit in so many ways. I rode both fast attacks and boomers in my day (sorry no DBF) and each had their ups and downs (see what I did there?)
But the constant cycle of a boomer was something that left its own impression on you. We had the Christmas run for two years which didn’t mean as much to me since I was single. Frankly, I think I was just a little homesick anyway no matter what time of year it was. I was still at the age where I thought my girlfriends were going to wait forever (they didn’t) and I would live happily ever after. That didn’t happen until much later. In 1974, I found out that my high school sweetheart had very little patience with the Navy life I was offering her. When I flew all the way back from Hawaii to see why she had stopped sending family grams, the answer blew me away. She had ended up with a nice young boy who she worked with at the bank.
To be fair, I was probably drifting away just as much as she had. And in retrospect, she did me the greatest favor anyone could have given me. We really would have been a train wreck. And I was able to move along and live life a little more vicariously. That is for another day.
There was a country song written years later that captured the memory better than any other song could. “I thank God for unanswered prayers”.
This is another article form the ALL HANDS magazine in 1967. Even though it was written a few years before my first boomer run, I can almost feel myself in the story. There are some parts of the story however that are a bit “Hollywood” though. A real boomer sailor from that time probably will be laughing a bit at some of the writer’s.
THE BLUE AND THE GOLD
WHERE MOST MEN measure time in days and weeks, Polarismen count in months. Months of training. Months on patrol. Months at home.
Their way of life is a mixture of about equal parts adventure, training, education, spaceman-like isolation, family living, and the fellowship of submariners the world over.
One way to understand the life of a Polaris submariner is to follow a typical crew of one of the submarines and see what happens during a normal cycle.
Each Fleet ballistic missile firing submarine is assigned two full crews. Called “Blue” and “Gold,” each has its own skipper and full complement of officers and enlisted men. While one crew has the ship on patrol, the other is back in the home port, undergoing refresher training, taking leave, breaking in new crewmembers, and, in general, getting ready to go back to sea.
IT’s THE Gold crew of an FBM submarine homeported in New London, Conn., that is ready to pack up and head out to take their submarine on patrol.
There are 124 enlisted men and 12 officers in the crew. The officers include the CO, XO, navigator, engineer and his three assistants, the weapon system officer and his assistant, the communicator, the supply officer and the ship’s doctor.
Thirty-four men in five ratings are directly concerned with the Polaris missile weapon system, while another 34 men in four ratings operate the nuclear power plant. These 68 men are ETs, MMs, EMs, ICs, QMs, TMs, FTs, and MTs. The rest of the crew consists of sonarmen, enginemen, radiomen, yeomen, commissarymen, storekeepers, corpsmen and stewards, much the same as can be found in any other type ship in the Navy.
The average age of the crew is 24, and almost all of the men are high school graduates or better. Goodbyes to families and friends, in this case, are not said dockside but, instead, just before the crew boards buses at New London for an hour ride to NAS Quonset Point.
There, a jet passenger plane waits to fly the men to Scotland where their submarine will be returning in a few days.
A few hours after takeoff, the plane touches down at Prestwick AFB where the Navymen again board buses for the short trip to Holy Loch, home base of Submarine Squadron 14’s tender.
The tender is mother for the 10 subs of the squadron. When the subs come off patrol they pull alongside her for minor repairs, refitting, reprovisioning and the like. By using an overseas anchorage such as this, transit time to patrol areas is cut down for the submarines, adding considerably to their life.
Arriving at Holy Loch, members of the Gold crew report aboard the tender to live until their submarine comes in and the change in command has taken place. Then they move aboard the sub, and, with the Blue crew, discuss the problems, plans, needed repairs, replacements and other matters. This alongside time covers about 30 days, after which the Blue crew returns home to New London.
Meanwhile, the Gold crew, together with the ship’s force on the sub tender, begins working to get the submarine into shape for its next patrol.
A few days before going on patrol, the submarine is taken to sea and tested to insure that she is seaworthy and all her equipment is working as it should.
Then, as scheduled, the submarine, complete with new crew, full provisions, and all repairs made, commences her patrol.
The crew know they will be gone for 60 or more days and that they will be submerged for the entire time. Where they are going, what route they will take to get there, just when they will return, only the skipper knows.
But there Is the awareness throughout the crew that the reason for their patrol is to be ready to launch the sub’s cargo of 16 Polaris missiles if, and when, the President so orders. All of the money, all of the time spent in training, all of the effort put into the system is for that sole purpose, to serve as a deterrent to an enemy attack on our country.
As soon as the submarine reaches deep water, the crew settles down into the routine of living and working in its inner-sea spaceship. Everyone has already donned the specially designed blue dacron coveralls which is the uniform on patrol. Designed for comfort, the patrol suit is also a practical wash-and-wear item. Dacron, in addition, eliminates the problem of lint which could foul the sub’s air.
The work routine for the missile system and nuclear power technicians, and the sonarmen and radiomen usually consists of shifts of six hours on and 12 hours off. The yeoman, corpsman, storekeepers, cooks, stewards and others may work normal 10- to 12-hour days or split their work as necessary.
To keep some sort of distinction between day and night, the ship is rigged for red at nighttime. All white lighting is replaced by red lighting in berthing spaces and other spaces not requiring daylight conditions.
Because the submarine has been assigned a specific area to patrol, within range of assigned targets, the main emphasis of the daily routine is bent toward keeping the missiles in an up status, ready to go. Therefore, missile firing drills are as much a part of life to a Polarisman as are eating and sleeping.
In addition to being ready to launch missiles, the submarine has to be ever alert to take evasive action if she detects strange ships, either submarine or surface, in her patrol area. To protect herself, an FBM sub carries torpedoes as defensive weapons.
During a patrol, the submarine receives messages regularly, but her radiomen are not allowed to send any since they could give away her position. Daily news broadcasts by the Armed Forces Radio Service are picked up and, considered of equal importance by the crew, so are familygrams.
These are brief, personal messages from families and friends of the crewmen which let them know how things are at home.
Since the FBM submarine is modern in design, her living spaces are roomier and more pleasing than most non-Polaris type subs. Bunks for the crew, as well as in the comparatively spacious crew’s quarters, are scattered throughout the ship.
Officers double and triple up in well designed, but compact, staterooms. Only the captain has his own Stateroom. The ship is decorated throughout in light pastel colors to provide a homey atmosphere.
By submarine standards, the crew’s mess is large. It serves additionally as the movie and recreation hall, study area, and the old country store cracker barrel.
Eating, of course, is of major concern, and every possible effort is made to provide the crew with outstanding food. The effort begins with the ship’s cooks receiving special training at top-flight restaurants before joining a Polaris crew.
When the sub left Holy Loch, it was carrying enough food to more than cover the expected duration of patrol. Boneless and rationdense foods are used to save storage space, but submariners swear by the ability of the cooks to prepare a meal as fresh looking and tasting as anyone can get.
Food consumption on a typical patrol will include something like 4000 lbs. of beef, 3000 lbs. of sugar, 1200 lbs. of coffee, 120 lbs. of tea, 2000 lbs. of chicken, 1400 lbs. of pork loin, 1000 lbs. of ham, 800 lbs. of butter, 3400 lbs. of flour, and 960 dozen eggs.
Some of the more enticing entrees listed on the menu are Chicken Isabella, Baked Alaska, Shrimp Newburg, Beef Stroganoff and Lasagna. Standard favorites are roast beef and steak. Four meals are prepared daily—breakfast, lunch, soupdown in midafternoon, and dinner—and the galley is open the rest of the time so the crewmen can help themselves (Exercise machines are available to help keep their weight down).
ORIGINALLY, it was thought that boredom would plague the crews of FBM submarines on long patrols, but it has not proven to be a problem. This is largely because of the long hours and hard work required by all hands on board to keep the submarine always ready for its mission. Off-duty hours can be more than filled with recreational or educational activities.
For instance, each Polarisman has the opportunity to take college level courses for self-improvement and college credit. Harvard University has devised a full, two-year course of instruction through which credits toward a bachelor’s degree may be earned. Lectures for the most part are on film and the greatest share of the work is done while the submarine is on patrol. Any lectures, tests, or laboratory work which cannot be completed on patrol is done in the home port as part of the day’s routine.
A prime entertainment feature is the evening (or matinee) movie, which often is shown twice daily to take care of both day and night workers. Talent show, game and sing-along nights also help to enliven the crew’s spirit and morale.
ALL IN ALL, the crew usually finds that time passes quicker than expected and soon it is time to head back to Holy Loch and turn the ship over to the Blue crew once again.
A few miles out from the tender, the submarine surfaces and the men rejoin the topside world. The first taste of fresh air is not too greatly appreciated, since the controlled air of the submarine is cleaner and purer. And too, a rash of colds may crop up within the crew shortly after their return, for they have been free of such impurities since about a week after submerging on patrol.
Once alongside the tender, the Gold crew spends a few days handing the ship over to the Blue crew, and then they reverse the trip they took three months before.
After a week or two of getting accustomed to home life again, the Gold crew resumes its regular five-day-a-week program of refresher training. Newcomers will join the crew, and begin their roles as Polarismen, looking forward to the end of the three-month shore tour and the beginning of their first FBM patrol.
Such is the life of a Polaris submariner.
If not unique, it is certainly different from that of other men, be they sailors, soldiers, airmen or civilians.
19 thoughts on “The Blue and the Gold – Sixty Years of Sharing the Sea”
Thanks for the trip down memory lane. The GWC operated out of Rota mid 70’s
Nice refresher! I also remember “half way night” with the beard judging. I was one of two civilians on board for the Houston first Gold Patrol. I got to keep my beard!
We called it Hump Day Hootenanny and I have a tape of the whole gig on reel to reel from my Qual patrol. The original (Hump Day) haha.
Thanks for the hreat reminder of what we did during those years.
SSBN601B & SSBN609B.
Reblogged this on DAVEBOOK.
I wish I had three section duty. Most patrols a Reactor Operator started on port and starboard till we got another ET qualified as a Reactor Operator. No college courses offered to us. No exercise area or equipment. USS James Madison, SSBN627, Blue Crew. 1976 to 1980.
To be fair, I did a lot of port and stupid and you are right, by the 1970’s none of the boats I served on had college courses. I think the George Washington had a bike buy it was broken and probably only kept as a jab at the people who put her there. Yet we managed to get the job done. Thanks for your service
Nice flashback to those Holy Loch patrols. I made 4 gold crew patrols on 643 Bancroft as nuc electrician. We only had one movie per day. Many times we would play the same one several times because it had beautiful women!
Don’t forget mid-rats. I usually made 4 meals a day. Many times we started a patrol on 6 on 6 off work schedule because the new men weren’t qualified to stand watches yet. The Blue nose initiation was always a highlite!
I have heard from many guys about the number of movies. I made four runs on the Ohio and by that time they had VCR players in several areas to watch movies and TV series. Now the kids have all kinds of electronic gadgets (personal and otherwise) to keep themselves entertained. They also don’t do mid rats anymore and apparently many are doing eight hour watches. The biggest game changer is the ability to send and receive emails. Its a brave new world!
I am writing a book on the American presence in Scotland during the Cold War. Would it be possible to ask a few questions regarding your Holy Loch days?
Of course… firstname.lastname@example.org
Just came across this message. Yes if you are still interested.
Nice writeup. I served on the Sam Houston Gold crew making three runs out of Holy Loch and three out of Rota back in 69-72. Didn’t have any exercise equipment for us back then….or I didn’t find it! It was always great to get off the tender and get down to the boat and sleep in your own rack after the Blue Crew departed!
My first overnight stay on the USS Proteus in Guam in 1973 convinced me that I did not want to live on the tender. Fast forward to the end of my career when I was an officer on boat the Hunley. To be fair, the accommodations were much nicer one I had some rank. But the Proteus had very little air conditioning and frankly the space was very crowded. I have seen pictures of the troop ships in WW2 and the scenes always take me back to those days.
Thanks for the memories. Served on Hamilton ( SSBN-617 ) As an Aux.man (MM3 (SS) .Duty station was Aft. Aux. Enjoy your writings.
Really enjoyed the trip down memory lane. On my first boat (1974-1975), Will Rogers (SSBN 659 (G)), I spent a LOT of time my first patrol in Port & Stupid watch rotation, getting ship and watch qualifications done. On the Kamehameha (SSBN 642 (G)), found the joys of not only re-qualifying all required stations, but also a few additional stations as well. Went to Benjamin Franklin (SSBN 640 (B)) in Portsmouth Naval Shipyard as LPO. Re-qual was really a breeze. Watch station quals were instantaneous – I had just finished Instructor Tour on the new C-4 Backfit Fire Control System, and my entire division were FTB “C” school graduates with no experience!! DASO was a true experience! My last boat was a Trident, the Alabama (SSBN 731 (B)). I was the SWS Department Senior Chief. I stood Port & Stupid watch rotation more on this boat than I did on all other boats combined!!
Spent some time on port & starboard as an EWS on a patrol on the 655G. As usual waiting for the wardroom to convene a board to qualify another EWS. My fellow watch stander took sick so I just stayed on watch. I did not say anything just waiting to see how long it would take for the wardroom to take action. I got oncoming watch standers to bring me something to eat. I asked the engineering watch standers to say nothing, let’s just see how long this takes. Many of them had been on P&S much of a patrol for the same reason. But finally one of the EOOW’s noticed it was was always the same EWS on watch and asked be what was going on. It took no time for the wardroom to sent me an officer relief and to convene a board to get a couple more EWS’s qualified.
SSBN611(B). Five patrols and first overhaul. 1964-1969. Three family grams of 15 words. One movie, on the mid watch (we ran the worst one repeatedly because we had most of the lines memorized and made up new lines). No one cared much about exercising and there was no equipment. Fond memories………have always wished I’d stayed longer!
Made 19 boomer patrols from 61-79, decom 1 diesel boat and my most respect to the men of wwii esp. our 52 lost boats of wwii. Served as mess-cook, A-Nav,COW&Dive. God love our silent service members and their families who have to endure long seperations. In my day, when we got home I dreaded seeing the high phone bill just to talk with wife and children. Thank God for sub-pay and a family who endured this life w/me.